Sample essay

Key words: academic essay, essay question, paragraph, introduction, body, conclusion, reference list

Sometimes a good example of what you are trying to achieve is worth a 1000 words of advice! When you are asked to write an essay, try to find some samples (models) of similar writing and learn to observe the craft of the writer. You can use the samples as a basis for working out how to write in the correct style.

About sample essays

Most books on essay writing will supply you with a number of model essays—collect some of these as they are great teachers! No matter what the topic is, you will see similarities between your writing tasks and these model essays. This is because many features of writing are common across subject areas. In some subjects (e.g. Law, Economics, Psychology and others), it is very useful to find subject-specific essay models as you can use these to work out the ‘peculiarities’ of writing for that subject area.

Read an academic essay

The following five paragraph essay has paragraph labels to show the parts of an academic essay. (Note: This essay does not contain authentic references and has been written specifically to use for this teaching task.)

Question

Discuss why assignment essays are common assessment tasks in undergraduate tertiary coursework, and evaluate the effectiveness of assignments as an avenue for learning. (Word limit 500 words – 10% leeway) Please note that the APA referencing style is used in this sample essay.


Introduction

Assignment essays are developed from set questions that give students a period of time to research a topic and produce their answer with references to their sources of information. While there are some disadvantages with using assignment essays as an assessment tool, there are sound educational purposes underpinning this practice. This essay examines the reasons why assignment essays are beneficial for student learning and considers some of the problems with this method of assessment.


Body paragraph 1

Assignment essay tasks are set to assist students to develop mastery of their study subject. Firstly, assignment tasks enhance understandings about subject matter. Yang and Baker (2005) reason that “to master your learning materials and extend your understandings, you need to write about the meanings you gain from your research” (p. 1). Secondly, research (Jinx, 2004; Zapper, 2006) clearly demonstrates that students learn the writing conventions of a subject area while they are researching, reading and writing in their discipline. This activity helps them to “crack the code” of the discipline (Bloggs, 2003, p. 44). Thus, students are learning subject matter and how to write in that disciplinary area by researching and writing assignment essays.


Body paragraph 2

Using assignment essays for assessment supports student learning better than the traditional examination system. It is considered that course-work assignment essays can lessen the extreme stress experienced by some students over ‘sudden-death’ end of semester examinations:

If we insist that all students write about everything they have learned in their study courses at the same time and in the same place (e.g. in examinations), we are not giving all of our students equal opportunities. Some students are not daunted by the exam experience while others suffer ‘exam nerves’ and perform at the lowest level of their capabilities. (Wonderland University, 2006, p. 4)

Additionally, Jones et al. (2004, pp. 36-37) propose that assignment essays can be used to assess student learning mid-course and so provide them with helpful feedback before they are subjected to the exam experience. Exams only provide students with a mark rather than specific feedback on their progress. Therefore, setting assignment essays for a substantial part of student assessment is a much fairer approach than one-off examination testing.

Body paragraph 3

As an assessment tool, assignment essays have some disadvantages for lecturers and students. It has been found that assignment essays consume a great deal of staff time and money to mark and student time to prepare (Sankey & Liger, 2005, p. 192). A consequence of these problems is that feedback to students is frequently delayed, and this is much less useful to students than rapid feedback (p. 294). It is partly because of these disadvantages of time and expense that other assessments such as multiple-choice tests and short answer questions have an enduring place in the tertiary learning environment.


Conclusion

To conclude, it seems that assignment essays continue to have a prominent role in tertiary education as an assessment tool. This is mainly because they are very effective in developing knowledge and writing skills for subject areas. Also, assignment essays can be less stressful than examinations as they allow students to show their understanding of content in less pressured circumstances. On the other hand, the time consuming nature of writing and marking essays points to some disadvantages that also need to be considered. The weight of evidence, however, supports the writing of assignment essays for student assessment because this approach has such positive and proven effects for improved student learning.

References

Bloggs, J. (2003). Linking teaching, learning and succeeding in higher education. London: Bookworld.

Jinx, J.M. (2004). Student essay writing. Journal of Research in University Education, 9(2), 114-125.

Jones, J., Smith, P.L., Brown, K., Zong J., Thompson, K., & Fung, P.A. (2004). Helpline: Essays and the university student. Tokyo: Courtyard Printers.

Sankey, J.M., & Liger, T.U. (2003). Learning to write essays [CD-ROM]. Sydney: Wonderland University.

Taylor, G. (1989). The student’s writing guide for the arts and social sciences. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Wonderland University. (2006). Attributes of a university graduate. doi:10.1098/063-112

Yang, S., & Baker, O.E. (2005). Essay writing and the tertiary student. Melbourne: Diamond Press.

Zapper, Y. (2006). Learning essay writing. In F.T. Fax & Y. Phoney (Eds.), Learning Experiences at University (pp. 55-70). Calcutta: Academic Scholar Press.

Analyse an academic essay

Most students really appreciate seeing a finished product. If you are to really benefit from model essays, you need to learn how to read the ‘techniques of the writer’. The following exercise helps you to get started with developing your ‘read the writer’ skills.

Exercise: What did you notice?
The following questions relate to the essay above.


1. The introduction paragraph

There is information in quotation marks.

incorrect.

There is an indented long quote in this paragraph.

incorrect.

The last sentence gives the answer to the essay question.

incorrect.

Information from the same person is used twice.

incorrect.

The second sentence is the thesis statement (i.e. position the writer will take).

Correct!


2. Body paragraph 1

There is information in quotation marks.

Correct!

There is an indented long quote in this paragraph

incorrect.

The last sentence gives the answer to the essay question.

incorrect.

Information from the same person is used twice.

incorrect.

The second sentence is the thesis statement (i.e. position the writer will take).

incorrect.


3. Body paragraph 2

There is information in quotation marks.

incorrect.

There is an indented long quote in this paragraph.

Correct!

The last sentence gives the answer to the essay question.

incorrect.

Information from the same person is used twice.

incorrect.

The second sentence is the thesis statement (i.e. position the writer will take).

incorrect.


4. Body paragraph 3

There is information in quotation marks.

incorrect.

There is an indented long quote in this paragraph.

incorrect.

The last sentence gives the answer to the essay question.

incorrect.

Information from the same person is used twice.

Correct!

The second sentence is the thesis statement (i.e. position the writer will take).

incorrect.


5. The conclusion paragraph

There is information in quotation marks.

incorrect.

There is an indented long quote in this paragraph.

incorrect.

The last sentence gives the answer to the essay question.

Correct!

Information from the same person is used twice.

incorrect.

The second sentence is the thesis statement (i.e. position the writer will take).

incorrect.


6. The reference list

All of the references are in random order.

incorrect.

All of the reference items start with the title of the information source.

incorrect.

If the author is a person, then their first name is used first.

incorrect.

There are no dates of publication in all of the references.

incorrect.

The references are in alphabetical order beginning with an author's surname.

Correct!

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